Google+ Raising a Trilingual Child: 2017

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Monday, April 3, 2017

Russian Language Resources For Kids. Лучшие ресурсы для поддержания и развития русского языка у детей билингвов.


Судьба вас забросила далеко от ваших родителей, ваших друзей детства. И вот теперь и вы родитель и воспитываете маленького билингва или трилингва, как я, или даже мультилингва, у которого русский один из родных языков. Вы наверное уже почувствовали, что просто разговаривать с детьми по-русски недостаточно. Язык окружающей среды начинает доминировать. Кажется невозможным одному передать наш богатый и могучий русский язык.

Но это не так! Это возможно! Мы живем в Италии и я одна - источник русского языка для моих двух детей. Сейчас им 5 и 7 лет и они говорят каждый день по-русски со мной и друг с другом, даже если меня нет рядом.

Вы спросите, как можно сделать так, чтобы ребенок говорил по-русски как на родном языке? Важно создать вокруг ребенка русскоязычную среду со дня его рождения. Разнообразие материалов на русском помогает детям не скучать, пополняя словарный запас. Нехватка слов - одно из основных препятствий к использованию языка. Мы читаем русские книжки, поем русские песни, слушаем детское русское радио и аудиокниги, смотрим русские мультфильмы и просто общаемся на русском. За все это время в России дети, к сожалению, были только один раз.

Я уверена, что представленный ниже подобранный мной материал на русском языке, поможет и вам!



1.Детские книги на русском - Kids books in Russian: 



У нас большая домашняя библиотека русских книжек. Книги мы читаем каждый день.

Здесь вы найдете список детских книг, полюбившихся мне и детям больше всего:

Лучшие Детские Книги на Русском / Russian Children's Books

Ура! Скоро появится в продаже моя первая книжка-раскраска, написанная для русско-говорящих детей. Хотите узнать о ней первыми? Оствьте адрес вашей электронный почты здесь или в форме ниже и я вышлю вам детали когда и где ее можно будет купить. :)

2. Аудиокниги для детей слушать онлайн - Audiobooks in Russian:

У меня нет какого-то одного полюбившегося вебсайта с аудиокнигами и аудиосказками для детей. Слушаем понемногу ото всех.


В коллекции более 600 книг разных авторов и разных жанров.


Русские, зарубежные и народные аудиосказки для детей с возможность скачивания. Сортировка по авторам: сказки Сутеева, Одоевского, Чуковского, Мамина-Сибиряка, Гаршина, Пушкина, Маршака и многих других.


285 детских аудиокниг. Интересная подборка аудиокниг для школьников


Помимо аудиосказок российских и зарубежных писателей Вы найдете раздел детская библия.


Много интересных аудиокниг, например о Гарри Потере и книги таких авторов, как А. Волков, Кир Булычев, Крапивин, Юрий Коваль, Михаэль Энде и другие.


3. Русские детские песни - Children’s Songs in Russian


Замечательная подборка детских песен  на детском Радио Песни:

Список детских радиостанций / List of kids radio stations in Russian


Песни из мультфильмов можно послушать отдельно на множестве вебсайов. Например, на Youtube:

Песни из мультфильмов на Youtube




Детские песенки на Hobobo


4. Колыбельные песни - Russian Lullabys

Русские колыбельные песни. 



5. Программы и приложения по изучению русского языка - Apps for learning Russian


Учим русский язык (школьникам)
Обучающая программа для изучения грамматики и правил русского языка. ребенку предлагается заполнить пропущенные буквы. Проверка с показом правил. 

Грамотей для Детей - Диктанты
Проверка орфографии «Грамотей» - правила русского языка и словарные слова (2 класс - 4 класс).

Карточки для детей / Flashcards for Kids in Russian
1500 дидактических карточек для изучения новых слов. Расчитано для детей до 7 лет.


Скороговорки - Русский язык  Скороговорки на 29 букв русского алфавита. После прослушивания аудио, ребенок имеет возможность потренироваться и записать свою речь.

6. Книги для самостоятельного чтения- Russian language materials for independent readers


Читальный зал
Рассказы, сказки, очерки и стихи для самостоятельного чтения с возможность прослушивания аудио. Для различного уровня : А1,А2,В1 и В2.

7. Мультфильмы для детей - Russian сartoons for kids

Подборка полюбившихся детям мультфильмов.





If your child learns also other languages, please visit  Bilingual Kid Spot for more language resources.


You might like to read: 


Thursday, March 16, 2017

Speech delay due to fluid collection in the middle ear.

Speech delay is often connected to /“blamed” on a child's gender or on the quantity of languages a child is exposed to. It is true that trilingual children definitely face more challenges than bilingual children do and bilingual children face more challenges than monolingual kids do. But be realistic. If you feel that you put a lot of efforts in your bilingual child’s language development and the results are not proportional to your input, it is time to search for doctor’s help.


This life story from Priscila Kohler will illustrate one of the possible causes of speech delay in children and I hope it will help many of you to act promptly to avoid possible complications.



I am Brazilian, and I am married to a Norwegian guy. We live in Norway and communicate in English between ourselves. When our son Martin was born, we decide to raise him trilingual. I only spoke Portuguese, my husband English, and Norwegian he would have to learn from the school.

I have two close friends whom had their children at the same time as me. So it was natural for me, a first time mom, to “compare” the development of the kids. By the time their children were 2 years old and talking, Martin was not.

And two main things kept us from seeking proper help, let’s say.

First, he was the only one being raised in a trilingual environment. So, people would say that many children would delay their speaking because of that, especially boys.

Second, his personality. He was always a child that could deep concentrate in some activity, not paying attention to anything else, and he is really stubborn.

While my friends kids were doing some “tricks” on command, like: clap your hands, put the toy in the basket, etc, Martin never did. And we, me and my husband, never suspected that he could not hear what we told him, but rather, he just chose not to do it.

Then the pedagogue from the nursery school showed some concern, due to communication with him. A psychologist is called in to observe him at the the nursery school, and finds nothing wrong with him. Finally, we had a “2nd year control” at the health station, and then, only then, the nurse suspects that he might not be hearing well. We get an appointment with an Ear-nose-and-throat doctor, and within 2 minutes of consultation, the doctor says that Martin has hearing problem. In fact he´s got some liquid stuck in his inner ear (that is really common among children that have a lot of ear infections, for example, but as far as we knew, Martin only had it one time at 5 months of age…).


Martin was scheduled an operation to drain the liquid out. It’s a simple surgery , but requires complete anesthesia. The same day we came home from the hospital, and turn on the TV, Martin made a face, and started pointing at the TV, like wow, THAT is how it sounds … It broke my heart.


After that, he made a HUGE improvement. Really quick as well. I do feel guilty sometimes for not having thought of that earlier. But no one never suspected that his delay in speech was due to bad ears. Only if I knew that those things are related, I would have done something before.



BE AWARE! Your child can have fluid in the middle ear (otitis media) without you noticing it!
 
As it can cause absolutely NO PAIN and your child will not complain.


Parents, check if your child has any of the following symptoms:


- Change in the sleeping/eating habits

- Talks less than usual

- Unresponsive or uses gestures instead of talking

- Needs to have information repeated

- Asks to turn up the sound

- Rubbs/ pulls the ears

- High irritability

- Difficulty keeping balance / running / jumping


Resource: Ear infection (middle ear)

Be aware! Your bilingual child’s speech delay can be due to fluid collection in the middle ear. - Click to tweet


You might also like:




Bilinguals' and multilinguals' Life Stories  Read them and get inspired!


Can babies distinguish foreign languages?


How to prepare yourself to be a speaking model for your child.



Should I correct my child speaking?


Inspirational Quotes about Language for Bilinguals and Language Learners 


Bilingualism and speech delay. How can you help?  


Fun way to learn letters and start writing: What should I order? Mortadella alphabet! 


Naming languages with their proper name.  
 



Language learning resources:


Children's radio from around the world. Let me know, if I am missing a radio station in your language.

Kids Books in Russian


Best Russian Children's Cartoons and Movies. - Лучшие Руссие Детские Мультфильмы и Фильмы.
 

 List of children's books in Polish language - Lista książek po Polsku dla dzieci


Monday, February 20, 2017

Best Practices for Supporting Child's Minority Language Development in a Multilingual Family


“Руль”(Rul’) is the first word my son said almost 7 years ago. It means a steering wheel in Russian. Back then I had lots of doubts whether or not I would succeed in passing on my heritage language and raising a trilingual child. I had exactly same worries you have right now. Would my son prefer speaking the father’s and the country’s language - Italian? Would he be able to speak with his Russian grandparents? Would he be able to speak a third language that I and my husband communicate in with each other - English? Would speaking multiple languages cause a speech delay? Would he mix the languages?

Two years into our family's trilingual journey my worries have doubled with a birth of our little girl. How to share my time between the two kids? How to support their language development, if they have such different needs? One does not speak yet at all, another is already experimenting with making phrases. And another worry, when the first words finally came from my little girl's mouth: What language would my children speak to each other? Would they choose to speak the minority language, Russian, or would they prefer the country language, Italian?

Now the time came when I am stressed more about my daytime job than about my kids’ language development. They reached the very ambitious goal that I set for them and myself. They are fluent in two languages and understand and speak some of the third one. They are 5 and 7 year-old, and have plenty of time to work more on their minority languages. I gave them the tools to continue doing it on their own. So they both read Russian books, play (btw, they love building lego houses for their toy animals) and speak almost exclusively Russian to each other, and sing in all three languages.

Definitely being motivated helped me a lot on this journey, but I would not go this far without my husband’s support and without the following best practises of supporting minority language development:

1. Changing the family language strategy as you go.


It is ok to change your multilingual family language strategy at any time and adjust it to your child’s language learning needs and to your family dynamics.

Before the child is born we all have a perfect plan in mind how to proceed with raising a bilingual or multilingual child. What language to speak and when. But once we have a little one in the arms, things change. We learn about our own and our child’s abilities with every step of the journey. Do not hesitate to adjust your plan. No need to be stressed about raising a polyglot, it is much more important to have a happy child and family after all.

Also different languages need to have a reinforcement at different age. Sometimes what worked in the beginning of the journey does not always work when child gets older.






2. Talking to your child & asking questions.


No matter how old your child is, even a newborn, talk to him.

If your child does not talk back yet, just describe what you do and see. He is listening and learning. I could see great results from my describing-everything-I-see practices, my kids Russian vocabulary is very well developed.

If your child already speaks, ask questions. What? Who? Why?...
I often do it after school or after reading a book or watching a cartoon. Kids are eager to talk when they are excited.


3. Reading books.


In my opinion reading is what develops child’s vocabulary best, because you can read books describing different life situations and covering variety of topics that a child won’t always encounter in everyday life.

My kids loved reading a book about a poney club and learning specific terminology in relation to horses. If not for this book, they would not have known all those words as they do not have an opportunity to attend a poney club.

I would advice to start building a home library with minority language books from the moment your child is born. Just to give you an idea how big your home library can be, about a year ago I decided to count how many Russian books we have at home. We had more than 350 books! And I read almost all of them with kids!



4. Living your cell phone aside.


Wherever you are home or outside - keep your cell phone away. Especially during the first years, you need to dedicate your time and attention to your child. It is difficult to talk to your child if you have a phone in hands. Isn't it?

Make an extra effort to talk to your child at playgrounds, don’t just seat with a smart phone in hands. Describe what your child is doing there (here we are going back to the point #2) How fast he is going down the slide, talk about his feelings. You can play an imaginary game there too. Slides are often becoming my kids boats / cars they going on them somewhere, see things. I take part in it to be able to enrich their vocabulary and it is so much fun!

5. Following your child’s interests.


Children are not very different from adults. If someone is talking about something we are not interested in, we will not pay much attention to it.
If you’d like to maximize your child’s language learning, be aware what he learns best when he is interested in the subject.


6. Watching TV in minority languages and if it’s not possible, just turn it off


I find it a good practice for both kids and parents. Children always listen and very attentive to whatever they hear around them. Even when they play in another room, their ears are like little sponges that soak whatever they hear, even sounds coming from TV in another room.


7. Using variety of language learning resources.


Small children have a short attention span, so it is good to use different games, activities and language input options throughout the day. Here are some of the ideas:

- music CDs

When kids play they can listen to the music.

- kids radio stations

My kids love listening to a Russian kids radio station where other kids call in and chat with DJs

- audio books

You can find the same books you have at home and let your child listen to them read by a different person.

- board games

check, if you can add more rules to work more on their vocabulary or ask your child to vocalize the actions.

- picture lotto games

You can buy one or make it yourself.

- activity books

 

- drawing and talking

This is perhaps my favorite activity for all age groups. Great for working on letter sounds and writing.

Mixing art, material objects and imagination -
a recipe for language development

8. Keeping a book always close to you, so you can read to your child aloud anywhere you go!


I always kept a book in my purse and still do. We read at a doctor's office while waiting for an appointment; in a park, when kids get tired running around and whenever I have a chance! You never know when the time is right ;)


9. Connecting with other language speakers.


I am pretty much the only Russian language input for my children, but it is obviously not enough. Children need to hear other people speaking the languages they learn. There are several ways to achieve it:

- Talking to relatives using video call programs such as Skype, Whatsapp, FB messenger etc, there is a huge choice now.

- Connecting with the local community. You can ask your country embassy for information.

- Weekend language schools are available in some big cities. Kids often not only learn the target language there, but also get extra instructions in school subjects.


10. Singing and telling bedtime stories.


Until recently my kids had a very long going to bed ritual. First I read a book, then we were singing songs, and followed by a story. Can’t say it was easy for me - it was rather tiring! But it is a truly wonderful way to connect with kids.


11. Making your child's language development as a priority number ONE.


Make minority language development as you goal for the first 5 years of your child’s life and you will have less to worry about later. If children know enough words and have no difficulty expressing themselves in different situations, they will use the language with you. Besides you won't need to be stressed about creating a NEED to speak the language. You speaking the language to your child will be enough reason for him to use it and speak it back to you. The only worry that will remain is to continue support the language development as your child grows. Unfortunately kids slowly detach from us making this task somewhat difficult.

You can find more about setting priorities reading my article: http://www.trilingualchildren.com/2015/05/how-to-raise-bilingual-child-parents-setting-priorities.html


I hope my tips on raising a bilingual/ multilingual child will help you!

Good luck !

the piri-piri lexiconS is for Supporting heritage language development at home. It is the topic I decided to cover for A to Z of Raising Multilingual Children. Go to The Piri-Piri lexicon website to read other great tips from bloggers from around the world.

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